Re-write the following for the new audience:
1. The following sentences come from an article about periodism, or
"biological clocks." This passage, by Frank Brown, was written for the Biological Bulletin. Try to paraphrase the
sentences for a general audience, perhaps the type of people who would read the Saturday Evening Post.
been learned, particularly in recent years, as to the properties, including modifiability, of this endogenous rhythmicity.
The fundamental problem, however, that of the timing mechanism of the rhythmic periods, has largely eluded any eminently reasonable
2. Recast the same passage, adapting it to readers of National Geographic World, a magazine for children
in elementary school.
3. The following regulations are taken from the Board of Governors' Code for a multi-campus
state university. This Code is a legally binding document that is likely to be cited in disputes that are taken to court.
The passage below specifies circumstances under which a faculty member with tenure may be dismissed. Suppose a popular instructor
on your campus (the Code refers to each campus as an "institution") were dismissed on grounds of "financial
exigency." In order to assess the legality of the university's actions, you need to paraphrase the following section
of the Code. Assume that your paraphrase will appear in an article for the student newspaper:
The tenure policies
and regulations of each institution shall provide that employment of faculty members with permanent tenure ... may be terminated
by the institution because of (1)demonstrable, bona fide institutional financial exigency or (2) major curtailment or elimination
of a teaching, research or public-service program. "Financial exigency" is defined as a significant decline in the
financial resources of the institution that is brought about by decline in institutional enrollment or by other action or
events that compel a reduction in the institution's operations budget. The determination of whether a condition of financial
exigency exists or whether there shall be a major curtailment or elimination of a teaching, research or public-service program
shall be made by the Chancellor, after consulting with the academic administrative officers and faculty.... subject to the
concurrence by the President and then approval by the Board of Governors. If the financial exigency or curtailment or elimination
of a program is such that the institution's contractual obligation to a faculty member may not be met, the employment of the
faculty member may be terminated in accordance with institutional procedures that afford the faculty member a fair hearing
on that decision.